The clutch in a manual car is essentially a connector and disconnector between the engine and the wheels. It’s controlled by the clutch pedal on the driver’s side. Here’s how it works:
• Engaging the Clutch: When the clutch pedal is pressed down, it disengages the engine from the wheels, allowing you to change gears without stalling the engine or damaging the gearbox.
• Releasing the Clutch: When you release the clutch pedal, it engages the engine and wheels, allowing power from the engine to drive the car forward.
Changing gears in a manual car involves a coordinated effort between the clutch pedal, gear stick, and accelerator pedal. Here’s a step-by-step guide:
Whilst you are rolling forwards in the car, you would normally stop pressinf your accelerator fully before proceeding with the following routine:
1. Press the Clutch Pedal Down: Fully depress the clutch pedal with your left foot.
2. Select the Correct Gear: Use the gear stick to select the desired gear.
3. Release the Clutch Smoothly: Slowly lift your foot off the clutch pedal while simultaneously pressing the accelerator pedal as you find the bite and above.
4. Balancing the Pedals: The key is to balance the clutch and accelerator pedals to ensure a smooth change, accelerate too early and you might rev the engine a little more than desired.
With practice, your BookInstructor ADI should have you smoothly changing gears in no time.
The speed to change gears can vary depending on the vehicle, but here’s a general guide:
• First Gear: Use for moving off, slow speeds, or when extra power is needed (e.g., climbing hills). Typically, shift up at around 10-15 mph.
• Second Gear: Ideal for lower speed urban areas. Shift up from first to second between 10-15 mph.
• Third Gear: Suitable for suburban roads. Shift into third at around 20-30 mph.
• Fourth Gear: Good for higher speed urban driving. Shift into fourth at around 30-40 mph.
• Fifth Gear (and Sixth in some cars): Used for cruising at higher speeds, such as on a Motorway. Shift into fifth at around 40-50 mph and sixth (if available) at higher speeds.
• Listen to the Engine: The engine sound can be a good indicator of when to change gears. A high-pitched whine means you need to shift up.
• Avoid Over-revving: Shifting gears at too high an RPM can lead to unnecessary fuel consumption and engine strain.
• Practice: The more you practice, the more intuitive gear changing will become.